The Flower Dynasty Festival is one of the traditional festivals of the Han nationality in China. It celebrates the birthday of all types of flowers in China, and is commonly referred to as the Flower Dynasty. The festival is also known as the "Flower Goddess Festival", the “Hundred Flowers Birthday", and the “Flower Goddess Birthday.” It is particularly popular in Northeast China, North China, East China, and Central South China.
China is a country of flowers and the Flower Goddess Festival has a long history. It was recorded as early as in the Book of Tao Zhu Gong in the Spring and Autumn Period. The festival was developed into a formal festival in the Tang Dynasty at the latest.
The Flower Festival were historically held on the second day and the twelfth day of the second month of the lunar calendar, or else on the 15th day and the 25th day of the second month of the lunar calendar. By the Qing Dynasty, taking into account the different climatic conditions in the north and south of China, the 15th day of the second lunar month is the flower festival day in the north, and in the south, the festival is on the 12th day of the second lunar month.
It is said that the Flower Goddess refers to Nv Yi, the female student of a Taoist Goddess. Legend has it that Nv Yi was good at caring for flowers and was hailed as the Flower Goddess by later generations. To commemorate Nv Yi, Chinese people associated the Flower Goddess Festival with her.
In ancient times, there was a variety of celebrations and events during the festival. For example, people tended to get together in the rural areas and enjoy the view of the blooming flowers, which is called “踏青”[tà qīng, Chinese spring sightseeing], literally stepping on the green. In addition, people liked to attach red ribbons and post color paper onto tree branches, which is called “赏红”[shǎng hóng, enjoy the beauty of red flowers], literally appreciating the red colors. In regions south of the Yangtze River, families held a memorial ceremony for the Flower Goddess to pray for all plants to flourish. In other parts of China, the customs of the festival also include planting trees and flowers, and floating Flower Goddess lanterns on rivers and lakes.
Who doesn't love beautiful flowers?
In ancient times, all kinds of flowers carried auspicious and beautiful meanings, and so they often appeared an carvings and paintings on ancient furniture, on building components and on all types of folk art pieces. We invite you to come to Six Arts Museum to appreciate the tens of thousands of depictions of flowers on the ancient folk art pieces now on display in the Six Arts Museum.